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Child Adoption Laws
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Child Adoption Laws
Nevada


We hope to help you learn more about the child adoption laws in the State of Nevada.  Please note that while we have tried to be as current as possible, laws are occasionally rewritten and/or amended; accordingly, the Nevada adoption law provided below may have errors, omissions, or may not be the most current version. Please remember that this information should not be used as the basis for making any legal decision. Please use appropriate resources and an attorney's advice when making legal decisions.

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Nevada State Statutes

Nevada Adoption Statute and Law
Chapter 127: Adoption of Children and Adults
General Provisions Sections 3-9
Adoption of Children Sections 10- 186
Agreements for Postadoptive Contact Sections 187- 189.5 (not covered)
Adoption of Adults Sections 190- 210
Placement of Children for Adoption and Permanent Free Care Sections 220- 310

(This page was last updated on 09/10/13.)

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 127.003 Definitions.

NRS 127.005 Applicability.

NRS 127.007 State Register for Adoptions: Establishment; contents; release of information.

NRS 127.008 State Register of Children with Special Needs.

NRS 127.009 Booklet on adoption: Preparation; contents; annual revision; distribution; acceptance of gifts and grants to assist production and distribution.

ADOPTION OF CHILDREN

NRS 127.010 Jurisdiction of district courts.

NRS 127.013 Transfer of proceedings to Indian tribe.

NRS 127.017 Extent to which court must give full faith and credit to judicial proceedings of Indian tribe.

NRS 127.020 Adoption of minor children; ages and consent.

NRS 127.030 Who may petition.

NRS 127.040 Written consent to adoption or for relinquishment to authorized agency: Acknowledgment; when consent required.

NRS 127.043 Consent to adoption required before placement in adoptive home; exception.

NRS 127.045 Release for or consent to adoption and investigation required before appointment of guardian for child to be adopted; exception.

NRS 127.050 Agencies which may accept relinquishments and consent to adoption; reimbursement for certain costs.

NRS 127.051 Agency responsible for care of child and entitled to custody; termination of placement.

NRS 127.052 Agency to determine whether child is Indian child; notification of child’s tribe.

NRS 127.053 Consent to adoption: Requisites.

NRS 127.055 Consent to adoption: Attesting witnesses may make self-proving affidavits to be attached to consent.

NRS 127.057 Consent to adoption: Copy to be furnished to agency which provides child welfare services within 48 hours; recommendations; confidentiality of information; unlawful acts.

NRS 127.058  Consent to adoption: Person to whom consent is given has legal custody of child until hearing on petition for adoption.

NRS 127.060 Residence of petitioners: Adoption of two or more children.

NRS 127.070 Validity of releases for and consents to adoption.

NRS 127.080 Consent to specific adoption or relinquishment for adoption cannot be revoked or nullified; exceptions.

NRS 127.090 When consent unnecessary.

NRS 127.100 Entitlement of petitions, reports and orders.

NRS 127.110 When petition may be filed; contents of petition; limitation on entry of adoption order.

NRS 127.120 Petition to be filed in duplicate; investigation, report and recommendation; court may order independent investigation; costs.

NRS 127.123 Notice of filing of petition to be provided legal custodian or guardian of child.

NRS 127.127 Affidavit setting forth fees, donations and expenses required to be filed; waiver.

NRS 127.130 Confidentiality of reports; petitioner may rebut adverse report.

NRS 127.140 Confidentiality of hearings, files and records.

NRS 127.145  Attendance of prospective adoptive parents at hearing by telephone.

NRS 127.150 Order of adoption or return of child; presumption of child’s best interest after adoption is granted.

NRS 127.152 Adopting parents to be provided with report which includes medical records and other information concerning child; regulations.

NRS 127.155 Validation of certain orders and decrees.

NRS 127.157 Report of adoption, amendment or annulment of adoption to State Registrar.

NRS 127.160 Rights and duties of adopted child and adoptive parents.

NRS 127.165 When action to set aside adoption may be brought; presumption of child’s best interest after adoption is granted.

NRS 127.171 Right to visitation of child by relatives; limitations.

NRS 127.180 Appeals from orders, judgments or decrees.

NRS 127.186 Adoption of child with special needs; financial assistance to adoptive parents under certain circumstances; waiver of court costs of adoptive parents; regulations.

ADOPTION OF ADULTS

NRS 127.190 Adoption of adults: Ages; agreement of adoption.

NRS 127.200 Adoption of adults: Consent required.

NRS 127.210 Petition for approval of agreement of adoption; notice, investigation and hearing; decree of adoption.

PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN FOR ADOPTION AND PERMANENT FREE CARE

NRS 127.220 Definitions.

NRS 127.230 Standards for and regulation of child-placing agencies; regulation of agencies which provide child welfare services; regulation of adoption or placement of children.

NRS 127.240 License: Requirement; exceptions.

NRS 127.250 License: Application; issuance; renewal.

NRS 127.270 License: Refusal to issue or renew; notice and hearing; appeals.

NRS 127.275 Fees for services provided by agency which provides child welfare services.

NRS 127.280 Requirements for placement of child in home of prospective parents for trial period; verification of intent of natural parents.

NRS 127.2805 Investigation of prospective adoptive parents.

NRS 127.281 Search for criminal record of prospective adoptive parent.

NRS 127.2815 Placement of child during investigation; notice and placement of child upon completion of investigation.

NRS 127.2817 Criteria for determination of suitability of prospective adoptive home; opportunity for prospective adoptive parents to review and respond to unfavorable investigation.

NRS 127.282 Petition for order to restrain and enjoin violation or threatened violation of chapter; investigation of unreported adoption or permanent free care of unrelated child.

NRS 127.2825 Child-placing agency required to give preference to placement of child with his siblings.

NRS 127.2827  Orders for visitation with sibling of child in custody of agency which provides child welfare services: Previous orders of such visitation to be provided to court during adoption proceedings; hearing required; participation of interested parties; best interest of child sole consideration.

NRS 127.283 Publication or broadcast of information concerning child.

NRS 127.285 Limitation on participation of attorneys in adoption proceedings; reporting of violation to bar association; criminal penalty.

NRS 127.287 Payment to or acceptance by natural parent of compensation in return for placement for or consent to adoption of child.

NRS 127.288 Penalty for unlawful payment to or acceptance by natural parent of compensation.

NRS 127.290 Acceptance of fees or compensation for placing or arranging placement of child.

NRS 127.300 Penalty for receipt of compensation by unlicensed person for placing or arranging placement of child.

NRS 127.310 Unlawful placement or advertising; penalty.

INTERSTATE COMPACT ON PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN

NRS 127.320 Enactment.

NRS 127.330 Text of compact.

NRS 127.340 Administrator of compact: Service at pleasure of Governor; cooperation with all departments, agencies and officers.

NRS 127.350 Supplementary agreements.

INTERSTATE COMPACT ON ADOPTION AND MEDICAL ASSISTANCE

NRS 127.400 Enactment.

NRS 127.410 Text of compact.

NRS 127.420 Administrator of compact: Service at pleasure of Governor; cooperation with all departments, agencies and officers.

_________

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 127.003 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. “Agency which provides child welfare services” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 432B.030.

2. “Division” means the Division of Child and Family Services of the Department of Human Resources.

3. “Indian child” has the meaning ascribed to it in 25 U.S.C. § 1903.

4. “Indian Child Welfare Act” means the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, 25 U.S.C. §§ 1901 et seq.

(Added to NRS by 1993, 2678; A 1995, 780; 2001 Special Session, 3)

NRS 127.005 Applicability. The provisions of NRS 127.010 to 127.1895, inclusive, govern the adoption of minor children, and the provisions of NRS 127.190, 127.200 and 127.210 and the provisions of NRS 127.010 to 127.186, inclusive, where not inconsistent with the provisions of NRS 127.190, 127.200 and 127.210, govern the adoption of adults.

(Added to NRS by 1959, 606; A 1987, 2049; 1995, 781)

NRS 127.007 State Register for Adoptions: Establishment; contents; release of information.

1. The Division shall maintain the State Register for Adoptions, which is hereby established, in its central office to provide information to identify adults who were adopted and persons related to them within the third degree of consanguinity.

2. The State Register for Adoptions consists of:

(a) Names and other information, which the Administrator of the Division deems to be necessary for the operation of the Register, relating to persons who have released a child for adoption or have consented to the adoption of a child, or whose parental rights have been terminated by a court of competent jurisdiction, and who have submitted the information voluntarily to the Division;

(b) Names and other necessary information of persons who are 18 years of age or older, who were adopted and who have submitted the information voluntarily to the Division; and

(c) Names and other necessary information of persons who are related within the third degree of consanguinity to adopted persons, and who have submitted the information voluntarily to the Division.

Ê Any person whose name appears in the Register may withdraw it by requesting in writing that it be withdrawn. The Division shall immediately withdraw a name upon receiving a request to do so, and may not thereafter release any information to identify that person, including the information that such a name was ever in the Register.

3. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the Division may release information:

(a) About a person related within the third degree of consanguinity to an adopted person; or

(b) About an adopted person to a person related within the third degree of consanguinity,

Ê if the names and information about both persons are contained in the Register and written consent for the release of such information is given by the natural parent.

4. An adopted person may, by submitting a written request to the Division, restrict the release of any information concerning himself to one or more categories of relatives within the third degree of consanguinity.

(Added to NRS by 1979, 1282; A 1991, 947; 1993, 37, 2679, 2729)

NRS 127.008 State Register of Children with Special Needs.

1. The Division shall establish a Register of Children with Special Needs. The Register must include descriptive information on every child with special needs for whom a prospective adoptive parent is not identified within 3 months after the child becomes available for adoption, but must not include any personal information which reveals the identity of the child or his parents. A copy of the Register must be made available for review by prospective adoptive parents at each office of the Division.

2. As used in this section, “child with special needs” means a child for whom placement with an adoptive parent is, in the opinion of the Administrator of the Division or his designee, made more difficult because of the child’s age, race or number of siblings, or because the child suffers from a severe or chronic medical, physical, mental or emotional condition.

(Added to NRS by 1991, 1865; A 1993, 2679)

NRS 127.009 Booklet on adoption: Preparation; contents; annual revision; distribution; acceptance of gifts and grants to assist production and distribution.

1. The Division shall prepare a booklet on adoption in this state which includes the following information:

(a) The legal basis of adoption;

(b) The purpose of adoption;

(c) The process of adoption;

(d) The number of children who are waiting to be adopted, including statistical information regarding:

(1) The gender and ethnic background of the children who are waiting to be adopted;

(2) The number of children placed in foster homes who are waiting to be adopted;

(3) The number of children with special needs who are waiting to be adopted; and

(4) The number of siblings who are waiting to be adopted;

(e) The name and location of agencies in Nevada that place children with adoptive parents;

(f) The number of prospective adoptive parents;

(g) A comparison of Nevada to the surrounding states regarding the placement of children with adoptive parents;

(h) A comparison of the Division to other agencies located in Nevada regarding the placement of children with adoptive parents; and

(i) Any subsidies, assistance and other services that may be available to adoptive parents and prospective adoptive parents, including, without limitation, services for children with special needs.

2. The Division shall:

(a) Revise the information in the booklet annually.

(b) Distribute the booklet to persons and organizations whose patients or clients are likely to become involved with the process of adoption in this state. The booklet must also be distributed to prospective adoptive parents and natural parents giving children up for adoption.

3. The Division may accept gifts and grants to assist in the production and distribution of the booklet.

(Added to NRS by 1991, 1864; A 1993, 79, 2680, 2730; 2001, 1110)

ADOPTION OF CHILDREN

NRS 127.010 Jurisdiction of district courts. Except if the child involved is subject to the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe pursuant to the Indian Child Welfare Act, the district courts of this state have original jurisdiction in adoption proceedings.

[1:332:1953]—(NRS A 1995, 781)

NRS 127.013 Transfer of proceedings to Indian tribe.

1. If proceedings pursuant to this chapter involve the relinquishment of an Indian child who is a ward of a tribal court, resides on a reservation or is domiciled on a reservation, the court shall transfer the proceedings to the Indian child’s tribe in accordance with the Indian Child Welfare Act.

2. For the purposes of this section, the domicile of an Indian child must be determined according to federal common law.

(Added to NRS by 1995, 780)

NRS 127.017 Extent to which court must give full faith and credit to judicial proceedings of Indian tribe. Each court in this state which exercises jurisdiction pursuant to this chapter in a case involving an Indian child shall give full faith and credit to the judicial proceedings of an Indian tribe to the same extent that the Indian tribe gives full faith and credit to the judicial proceedings of the courts of this state.

(Added to NRS by 1995, 780)

NRS 127.020 Adoption of minor children; ages and consent. A minor child may be adopted by an adult person in the cases and subject to the rules prescribed in this chapter. The person adopting a child must be at least 10 years older than the person adopted, and the consent of the child, if over the age of 14 years, is necessary to its adoption.

[2:332:1953]

NRS 127.030 Who may petition. Any adult person or any two persons married to each other may petition the district court of any county in this state for leave to adopt a child. The petition by a person having a husband or wife shall not be granted unless the husband or wife consents thereto and joins therein.

[3:332:1953]

NRS 127.040 Written consent to adoption or for relinquishment to authorized agency: Acknowledgment; when consent required.

1. Except as provided in NRS 127.090, written consent to the specific adoption proposed by the petition or for relinquishment to an agency authorized to accept relinquishments acknowledged by the person or persons consenting, is required from:

(a) Both parents if both are living;

(b) One parent if the other is dead; or

(c) The guardian of the person of a child appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction.

2. Consent is not required of a parent who has been adjudged insane for 2 years if the court is satisfied by proof that such insanity is incurable.

[4:332:1953]—(NRS A 1957, 11; 1971, 835; 1979, 1282)

NRS 127.043 Consent to adoption required before placement in adoptive home; exception.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a child must not be placed in an adoptive home until a valid release for or consent to adoption is executed by the mother as provided by NRS 127.070.

2. The provisions of this section do not apply if one petitioner or the spouse of a petitioner is related to the child within the third degree of consanguinity.

(Added to NRS by 1989, 530)

NRS 127.045 Release for or consent to adoption and investigation required before appointment of guardian for child to be adopted; exception.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, until a valid release for or consent to adoption is executed by the mother as provided by NRS 127.070 and the investigation required by NRS 127.2805 is completed, no person may:

(a) Petition any court for the appointment of a guardian; or

(b) Be appointed the temporary guardian,

Ê of the person of the child to be adopted.

2. The provisions of subsection 1 do not apply to any person who is related or whose spouse is related to the child within the third degree of consanguinity.

(Added to NRS by 1989, 530; A 1993, 70)

NRS 127.050 Agencies which may accept relinquishments and consent to adoption; reimbursement for certain costs.

1. The following agencies may accept relinquishments for the adoption of children from parents and guardians in this State:

(a) An agency which provides child welfare services in its own capacity or on behalf of a child-placing agency authorized under the laws of another state to accept relinquishments and make placements; or

(b) A child-placing agency licensed by the Division.

2. The following agencies may consent to the adoption of children in this State:

(a) An agency which provides child welfare services to which the child has been relinquished for adoption;

(b) A child-placing agency licensed by the Division, to whom the child has been relinquished for adoption; or

(c) Any child-placing agency authorized under the laws of another state to accept relinquishments and make placements, to whom the child has been relinquished or otherwise approved for adoption in that state.

3. If an agency which provides child welfare services accepts a relinquishment on behalf of a child-placing agency pursuant to subsection 1, the child-placing agency shall reimburse the agency which provides child welfare services for any costs associated with the acceptance.

[5:332:1953]—(NRS A 1963, 890, 1301; 1967, 1147; 1973, 1406; 1979, 236; 1991, 948; 1993, 2680; 2001 Special Session, 3)

NRS 127.051 Agency responsible for care of child and entitled to custody; termination of placement. The agency to which a child has been ordered or relinquished for adoption shall be responsible for the care of the child, and shall be entitled to the custody and control of the child at all times until a petition for adoption has been granted. Any placement for adoption made by the agency may be terminated by the mutual consent of the prospective adoptive parents and the agency, or by order of the district court for removal from the home upon the application of the agency when in the opinion of the agency the placement for adoption is detrimental to the interest of the child. In the event of the termination of any placement for temporary care or for adoption, the child shall be returned promptly to the physical custody of the agency.

(Added to NRS by 1973, 1588)

NRS 127.052 Agency to determine whether child is Indian child; notification of child’s tribe.

1. Each agency which, pursuant to NRS 127.050, accepts a relinquishment for the adoption of a child shall make all necessary inquiries to determine whether the child is an Indian child. If it determines that the child is an Indian child and that the child is a ward of a tribal court, resides on a reservation or is domiciled on a reservation, the agency shall so notify the child’s tribe in writing.

2. The Division shall adopt regulations establishing reasonable and uniform standards for making the necessary inquiries to determine whether a child is an Indian child.

3. For the purposes of this section, the domicile of an Indian child must be determined according to federal common law.

(Added to NRS by 1995, 780)

NRS 127.053 Consent to adoption: Requisites. No consent to a specific adoption executed in this State, or executed outside this State for use in this State, is valid unless it:

1. Identifies the child to be adopted by name, if any, sex and date of birth.

2. Is in writing and signed by the person consenting to the adoption as required in this chapter.

3. Is acknowledged by the person consenting and signing the consent to adoption in the manner and form required for conveyances of real property.

4. Contains, at the time of execution, the name of the person or persons to whom consent to adopt the child is given.

5. Is attested by at least two competent, disinterested witnesses who subscribe their names to the consent in the presence of the person consenting. If neither the petitioner nor the spouse of a petitioner is related to the child within the third degree of consanguinity, then one of the witnesses must be a social worker employed by:

(a) An agency which provides child welfare services;

(b) An agency licensed in this state to place children for adoption;

(c) A comparable state or county agency of another state; or

(d) An agency authorized under the laws of another state to place children for adoption, if the natural parent resides in that state.

(Added to NRS by 1961, 736; A 1973, 1588; 1987, 2050; 1991, 948; 1993, 204, 2681, 2731; 2001 Special Session, 3)

NRS 127.055 Consent to adoption: Attesting witnesses may make self-proving affidavits to be attached to consent.

1. Any or all of the attesting witnesses to any consent to adoption may, at the request of the person or persons who executed the consent, make and sign an affidavit before any person authorized to administer oaths in this state, stating such facts as they would be required to testify to in court to prove the due execution of the consent to adoption. The affidavit must be written on the consent to adoption, or, if that is impracticable, on some paper attached thereto. The sworn statement of any witness so taken must be accepted by the court in any action or proceeding relating to the validity or due execution of the consent to adoption as if it had been taken before the court.

2. The affidavit described in subsection 1 may be substantially in the following form:

State of Nevada }

}ss.

County of............................................................. }

(Date)................................................................

Then and there personally appeared the within-named ................ and ................, who, being duly sworn, depose and say: That they witnessed the execution of the within consent to adoption by ................ (name of person or persons consenting); that she (he or they) subscribed the consent to adoption and declared the same to be a voluntary consent to adoption in their presence; that at the time the consent to adoption was executed it contained the names of the person or persons to whom consent was thereby given to adopt the child; that they thereafter subscribed the same as witnesses in the presence of ................ (name of person or persons consenting) and in the presence of each other and at the request of ................ (name of person or persons consenting); that at the time of the execution of the consent to adoption ................ (name of person or persons consenting) acknowledged to them that she (he or they) was (were), and she (he or they) appeared to them to be, in full possession of her (his or their) faculties and not under the influence of any drug or sedative or subject to any duress, fear, menace, compulsion or undue influence whatever; and that they make this affidavit at her (his or their) request.

.......................................................................

.......................................................................

Subscribed and sworn to before me

this ...... day of the month of ...... of the year ......

...............................................................................

Notary Public

(Added to NRS by 1961, 736; A 1985, 1211; 2001, 33)

NRS 127.057 Consent to adoption: Copy to be furnished to agency which provides child welfare services within 48 hours; recommendations; confidentiality of information; unlawful acts.

1. Any person to whom a consent to adoption executed in this state or executed outside this state for use in this state is delivered shall, within 48 hours after receipt of the executed consent to adoption, furnish a true copy of the consent, together with a report of the permanent address of the person in whose favor the consent was executed to the agency which provides child welfare services.

2. Any person recommending in his professional or occupational capacity, the placement of a child for adoption in this state shall immediately notify the agency which provides child welfare services of the impending adoption.

3.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 239.0115, all information received by the agency which provides child welfare services pursuant to the provisions of this section is confidential and must be protected from disclosure in the same manner that information is protected under NRS 432.035.

4. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(Added to NRS by 1961, 737; A 1963, 890; 1967, 1147; 1973, 1406, 1588; 1987, 2050; 1993, 2681; 2001 Special Session, 4; 2007, 2074)

NRS 127.058  Consent to adoption: Person to whom consent is given has legal custody of child until hearing on petition for adoption.  A person to whom consent to adopt a child is given for a specific adoption pursuant to NRS 127.053 has, at the time the consent is executed, legal custody over the child and is legally responsible for the child until a court holds a hearing to enter an order or decree of adoption or to deny the petition pursuant to the laws of this State or another state.

     (Added to NRS by 2009, 1354)

NRS 127.060  Residence of petitioners: Adoption of two or more children; exception.

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the petition for adoption shall not be granted unless the petitioners have resided in the State of Nevada for a period of 6 months prior to the granting of the petition.

     2.  The same petitioners may, in one petition, petition for the adoption of two or more children, if the children be brothers or sisters or brother and sister.

     3.  The provisions of subsection 1 do not apply if the petition for adoption is filed for the adoption of a child who is in the custody of an agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency licensed by the Division pursuant to this chapter.

     [6:332:1953]—(NRS A 1961, 737; 2011, 144)

NRS 127.070 Validity of releases for and consents to adoption.

1. All releases for and consents to adoption executed in this state by the mother before the birth of a child or within 72 hours after the birth of a child are invalid.

2. A release for or consent to adoption may be executed by the father before the birth of the child if the father is not married to the mother. A release executed by the father becomes invalid if:

(a) The father of the child marries the mother of the child before the child is born;

(b) The mother of the child does not execute a release for or consent to adoption of the child within 6 months after the birth of the child; or

(c) No petition for adoption of the child has been filed within 2 years after the birth of the child.

[7:332:1953]—(NRS A 1979, 1283; 1987, 2050; 1989, 531)

NRS 127.080 Consent to specific adoption or relinquishment for adoption cannot be revoked or nullified; exceptions.

1. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.070, 127.2815 and 127.282, a written consent to a specific adoption pursuant to this chapter cannot be revoked or nullified.

2. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.070, a relinquishment for adoption pursuant to this chapter cannot be revoked or nullified.

3. A minor parent may execute a relinquishment for adoption and cannot revoke it upon coming of age.

[8:332:1953]—(NRS A 1967, 984; 1979, 1283; 1981, 718; 1993, 70)

NRS 127.090 When consent unnecessary. Consent of a parent to an adoption shall not be necessary where parental rights have been terminated by an order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

[9:332:1953; A 1955, 192]

NRS 127.100 Entitlement of petitions, reports and orders. All petitions, reports and orders in adoption proceedings shall be entitled only in the names of the adopting parties.

[10:332:1953]

NRS 127.110 When petition may be filed; contents of petition; limitation on entry of adoption order.

1. A petition for adoption of a child who currently resides in the home of the petitioners may be filed at any time after the child has lived in the home for 30 days.

2. The petition for adoption must state, in substance, the following:

(a) The full name and age of the petitioners and, unless the petition is a petition for adoption described in subsection 3 of NRS 127.060, the period the petitioners have resided in the State of Nevada before the filing of the petition.

(b) The age of the child sought to be adopted and the period that the child has lived in the home of petitioners before the filing of the petition.

(c) That it is the desire of the petitioners that the relationship of parent and child be established between them and the child.

(d) Their desire that the name of the child be changed, together with the new name desired.

(e) That the petitioners are fit and proper persons to have the care and custody of the child.

(f) That they are financially able to provide for the child.

(g) That there has been a full compliance with the law in regard to consent to adoption.

(h) That there has been a full compliance with NRS 127.220 to 127.310, inclusive.

(i) Whether the child is known to be an Indian child.

3. No order of adoption may be entered unless there has been full compliance with the provisions of NRS 127.220 to 127.310, inclusive.

[11:332:1953]—(NRS A 1961, 738; 1965, 1320; 1987, 2051; 1995, 781, 2011,144)

NRS 127.120 Petition to be filed in duplicate; investigation, report and recommendation; court may order independent investigation; costs.

1. A petition for adoption of a child must be filed in duplicate with the county clerk. The county clerk shall send one copy of the petition to the agency which provides child welfare services.

2. The agency which provides child welfare services shall make an investigation and report as provided in this section. If one petitioner or the spouse of a petitioner is related to the child within the third degree of consanguinity, the court may, in its discretion, waive the investigation by the agency which provides child welfare services. A copy of the order waiving the investigation must be sent to the nearest office of the agency which provides child welfare services by the petitioners within 7 days after the order is issued.

3. The agency which provides child welfare services or a licensed child-placing agency designated to do so by the court shall:

(a) Verify the allegations of the petition;

(b) Investigate the condition of the child, including, without limitation, whether the child is an Indian child; and

(c) Make proper inquiry to determine whether the proposed adopting parents are suitable for the child.

4. The agency which provides child welfare services or the designated child-placing agency shall, before the date on which the child has lived for a period of 6 months in the home of the petitioners or within 30 days after receiving the copy of the petition for adoption, whichever is later, submit to the court a full written report of its findings pursuant to subsection 3, which must contain, without limitation, a specific recommendation for or against approval of the petition and a statement of whether the child is known to be an Indian child, and shall furnish to the court any other information regarding the child or proposed home which the court requires. The court, on good cause shown, may extend the time, designating a time certain, within which to submit the report.

5. If the court is dissatisfied with the report submitted by the agency which provides child welfare services or the designated child-placing agency, the court may order an independent investigation to be conducted and a report submitted by an agency or person selected by the court. The costs of the investigation and report may be assessed against the petitioner or charged against the county in which the adoption proceeding is pending.

[12:332:1953]—(NRS A 1961, 738; 1963, 890, 1301; 1967, 1147; 1973, 1406; 1989, 1133; 1993, 2682; 1995, 734, 781; 2001 Special Session, 4)

NRS 127.123 Notice of filing of petition to be provided legal custodian or guardian of child. Notice of the filing of a petition for the adoption of a child must be provided to the legal custodian or guardian of the child if that custodian or guardian is a person other than the natural parent of the child.

(Added to NRS by 1987, 2049)

NRS 127.127 Affidavit setting forth fees, donations and expenses required to be filed; waiver. The petitioners shall file with the court, within 15 days after the petition is filed or 5 months after the child begins to live in their home, whichever is later, an affidavit executed by them and their attorney setting forth all fees, donations and expenses paid by them in furtherance of the adoption. A copy of the affidavit must be sent to the agency which provides child welfare services. If one petitioner or the spouse of a petitioner is related to the child within the third degree of consanguinity, the court may waive the filing of the affidavit.

(Added to NRS by 1987, 2049; A 1993, 2682; 2001 Special Session, 5)

NRS 127.130 Confidentiality of reports; petitioner may rebut adverse report. The report of either the agency which provides child welfare services or the licensed child-placing agency designated by the court must not be made a matter of public record, but must be given in writing and in confidence to the district judge before whom the matter is pending. If the recommendation of the agency which provides child welfare services or the designated agency is adverse, the district judge, before denying the petition, shall give the petitioner an opportunity to rebut the findings and recommendation of the report of the agency which provides child welfare services or the designated agency.

[13:332:1953]—(NRS A 1963, 891; 1965, 36; 1967, 1148; 1973, 1406; 1993, 2682; 2001 Special Session, 5)

NRS 127.140 Confidentiality of hearings, files and records.

1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 239.0115, all hearings held in proceedings under this chapter are confidential and must be held in closed court, without admittance of any person other than the petitioners, their witnesses, the director of an agency, or their authorized representatives, attorneys and persons entitled to notice by this chapter, except by order of the court.

     2.  The files and records of the court in adoption proceedings are not open to inspection by any person except:

     (a) Upon an order of the court expressly so permitting pursuant to a petition setting forth the reasons therefor;

     (b) If a natural parent and the child are eligible to receive information from the State Register for Adoptions; or

     (c) As provided pursuant to subsections 3, 4 and 5.

     3.  An adoptive parent who intends to file a petition pursuant to NRS 127.1885 or 127.1895 to enforce, modify or terminate an agreement that provides for postadoptive contact may inspect only the portions of the files and records of the court concerning the agreement for postadoptive contact.

     4.  A natural parent who intends to file a petition pursuant to NRS 127.1885 to prove the existence of or to enforce an agreement that provides for postadoptive contact or to file an action pursuant to NRS 41.509 may inspect only the portions of the files or records of the court concerning the agreement for postadoptive contact.

     5.  The portions of the files and records which are made available for inspection by an adoptive parent or natural parent pursuant to subsection 3 or 4 must not include any confidential information, including, without limitation, any information that identifies or would lead to the identification of a natural parent if the identity of the natural parent is not included in the agreement for postadoptive contact.

     [14:332:1953]—(NRS A 1979, 1283; 2005, 1682; 2007, 2074)

NRS 127.145  Attendance of prospective adoptive parents at hearing by telephone.

     1.  The prospective adoptive parents may attend by telephone, in lieu of attending in person, any hearings held by the court concerning the petition for adoption if:

     (a) The prospective adoptive parents reside in another state or jurisdiction;

     (b) The petition for adoption is filed for the adoption of a child who is in the custody of an agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency licensed by the Division pursuant to this chapter; and

     (c) A representative of the agency responsible for supervising the child in the state where the child will be placed appears at the hearing by telephone.

     2.  The appearance of the prospective adoptive parents and the representative of the agency described in paragraph (c) of subsection 1 must occur at the office of the agency or at the home of the prospective adoptive parents, as determined by the agency.

     3.  If the prospective adoptive parents are attending a hearing by telephone pursuant to subsection 1, the court shall place the telephone call to a telephone number known to be a telephone number of the agency described in paragraph (c) of subsection 1 or of the prospective adoptive parents.

     (Added to NRS by 2011, 144)

NRS 127.150 Order of adoption or return of child; presumption of child’s best interest after adoption is granted.

1. If the court finds that the best interests of the child warrant the granting of the petition, an order or decree of adoption must be made and filed, ordering that henceforth the child is the child of the petitioners. When determining whether the best interests of the child warrant the granting of a petition that is filed by a foster parent, the court shall give strong consideration to the emotional bond between the child and the foster parent. A copy of the order or decree must be sent to the nearest office of the agency which provides child welfare services by the petitioners within 7 days after the order or decree is issued. In the decree the court may change the name of the child, if desired. No order or decree of adoption may be made until after the child has lived for 6 months in the home of the petitioners.

2. If the court is not satisfied that the proposed adoption is in the best interests of the child, the court shall deny the petition and may order the child returned to the custody of the person or agency legally vested with custody.

3. After a petition for adoption has been granted, there is a presumption that remaining in the home of the adopting parent is in the child’s best interest.

[15:332:1953]—(NRS A 1961, 739; 1989, 1134; 1993, 2683; 1995, 734; 1999, 2026; 2001 Special Session, 5)

NRS 127.152 Adopting parents to be provided with report which includes medical records and other information concerning child; regulations.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the agency which provides child welfare services or a licensed child-placing agency shall provide the adopting parents of a child with a report which includes:

(a) A copy of any medical records of the child which are in the possession of the agency which provides child welfare services or licensed child-placing agency.

(b) Any information obtained by the agency which provides child welfare services or licensed child-placing agency during interviews of the natural parent regarding:

(1) The medical and sociological history of the child and the natural parents of the child; and

(2) Any behavioral, emotional or psychological problems that the child may have. Information regarding any behavioral, emotional or psychological problems that the child may have must be discussed in accordance with policies established by an agency which provides child welfare services and a child-placing agency pursuant to regulations adopted by the Division for the disclosure of such information.

(c) Written information regarding any subsidies, assistance and other services that may be available to the child if it is determined pursuant to NRS 127.186 that he has any special needs.

2. The agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall obtain from the adopting parents written confirmation that the adopting parents have received the report required pursuant to subsection 1.

3. The report required pursuant to subsection 1 must exclude any information that would lead to the identification of the natural parent.

4. The Division shall adopt regulations specifying the procedure and format for the provision of information pursuant to this section, which may include the provision of a summary of certain information. If a summary is provided pursuant to this section, the adopting parents of the child may also obtain the information set forth in subsection 1.

(Added to NRS by 1995, 733; A 1999, 148; 2001, 1111, 1849, 1850; 2001 Special Session, 6; 2003, 236)

NRS 127.155 Validation of certain orders and decrees. Any order or decree of adoption entered after July 1, 1963, and before July 1, 1965, by a court of competent jurisdiction where there has not been a complete compliance with NRS 127.220 to 127.310, inclusive, is hereby declared valid.

(Added to NRS by 1965, 1320)

NRS 127.157 Report of adoption, amendment or annulment of adoption to State Registrar.

1. After an order or decree of adoption has been entered, the court shall direct the petitioner or his attorney to prepare a report of adoption on a form prescribed and furnished by the State Registrar of Vital Statistics. The report must:

(a) Identify the original certificate of birth of the person adopted;

(b) Provide sufficient information to prepare a new certificate of birth for the person adopted;

(c) Identify the order or decree of adoption; and

(d) Be certified by the clerk of the court.

2. The agency which provides child welfare services shall provide the petitioner or his attorney with any factual information which will assist in the preparation of the report required in subsection 1.

3. If an order or decree of adoption is amended or annulled, the petitioner or his attorney shall prepare a report to the State Registrar of Vital Statistics, which includes sufficient information to identify the original order or decree of adoption and the provisions of that decree which were amended or annulled.

4. The petitioner or his attorney shall forward all reports required by the provisions of this section to the State Registrar of Vital Statistics not later than the 10th day of the month next following the month in which the order or decree was entered, or more frequently if requested by the State Registrar, together with any related material the State Registrar may require.

(Added to NRS by 1977, 1348; A 1993, 2683; 2001 Special Session, 6)

NRS 127.160 Rights and duties of adopted child and adoptive parents. Upon the entry of an order of adoption, the child shall become the legal child of the persons adopting him, and they shall become his legal parents with all the rights and duties between them of natural parents and legitimate child. By virtue of such adoption he shall inherit from his adoptive parents or their relatives the same as though he were the legitimate child of such parents, and in case of his death intestate the adoptive parents and their relatives shall inherit his estate as if they had been his natural parents and relatives in fact. After a decree of adoption is entered, the natural parents of an adopted child shall be relieved of all parental responsibilities for such child, and they shall not exercise or have any rights over such adopted child or his property. The child shall not owe his natural parents or their relatives any legal duty nor shall he inherit from his natural parents or kindred. Notwithstanding any other provisions to the contrary in this section, the adoption of a child by his stepparent shall not in any way change the status of the relationship between the child and his natural parent who is the spouse of the petitioning stepparent.

[16:332:1953]

NRS 127.165 When action to set aside adoption may be brought; presumption of child’s best interest after adoption is granted.

1. The natural parent of a child may not bring an action to set aside an adoption after a petition for adoption has been granted, unless a court of competent jurisdiction has previously, in a separate action:

(a) Set aside the consent to the adoption;

(b) Set aside the relinquishment of the child for adoption; or

(c) Reversed an order terminating the parental rights of the natural parent.

2. After a petition for adoption has been granted, there is a presumption for the purposes of this chapter that remaining in the home of the adopting parent is in the child’s best interest.

(Added to NRS by 1995, 733)

NRS 127.171 Right to visitation of child by sibling and other relatives; limitations.

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.187 to 127.1895, inclusive, in a proceeding for the adoption of a child, the court may grant a reasonable right to visit to:

     (a) A sibling of the child if the child is in the custody of an agency which provides child welfare services and a similar right has been granted previously pursuant to NRS 432B.580; and

     (b) Certain relatives of the child only if a similar right had been granted previously pursuant to NRS 125C.050.

     2.  The agency which provides child welfare services shall provide the court which is conducting the adoption proceedings with a copy of any order for visitation with a sibling of the child that was issued pursuant to NRS 432B.580.

     3.  The court may not grant a right to visit the child to any person other than as specified in subsection 1.

     (Added to NRS by 1987, 2049; A 2005, 1682; 2011, 145)

NRS 127.180 Appeals from orders, judgments or decrees. Any person against whom any order, judgment or decree is made or who is affected thereby may appeal to the Supreme Court from any order, judgment or decree of the district court made under the provisions of this chapter, in the same manner as in other civil proceedings.

[18:332:1953]

NRS 127.186 Adoption of child with special needs; financial assistance to adoptive parents under certain circumstances; waiver of court costs of adoptive parents; regulations.

     1.  The agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency licensed by the Division pursuant to this chapter may consent to the adoption of a child under 18 years of age with special needs due to race, age or physical or mental problems who is in the custody of the agency which provides child welfare services or the licensed agency by proposed adoptive parents when, in the judgment of the agency which provides child welfare services or the child-placing agency, it would be in the best interests of the child to be placed in that adoptive home.

     2.  The agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency, whichever has custody of the child, shall in a timely and diligent manner:

     (a) Schedule any evaluations necessary to identify any special needs the child may have.

     (b) If it determines that the child has any special needs:

           (1) Notify the proposed adoptive parents:

                (I) That they may be eligible for a grant of financial assistance pursuant to this section; and

                (II) The manner in which to apply for such financial assistance; and

           (2) Assist the proposed adoptive parents in applying for and satisfying any other prerequisites necessary to obtain a grant of financial assistance pursuant to this section and any other relevant subsidies and services which may be available.

     3.  The agency which provides child welfare services may grant financial assistance for attorney’s fees in the adoption proceeding, for maintenance and for preexisting physical or mental conditions to the adoptive parents of a child with special needs out of money provided for that purpose if the head of the agency which provides child welfare services or his or her designee has reviewed and approved in writing the grant of financial assistance.

     4.  The grant of financial assistance must be limited, both as to amount and duration, by agreement in writing between the agency which provides child welfare services and the adoptive parents. Such an agreement must not become effective before the entry of the order of adoption.

     5.  Any grant of financial assistance must be reviewed and evaluated at least once annually by the agency which provides child welfare services. The evaluation must be presented for approval to the head of the agency which provides child welfare services or his or her designee. Financial assistance must be discontinued immediately upon written notification to the adoptive parents by the agency which provides child welfare services that continued assistance is denied.

     6.  All financial assistance provided under this section ceases immediately when the child attains majority, becomes self-supporting, is emancipated or dies, whichever occurs first.

     7.  Neither a grant of financial assistance pursuant to this section nor any discontinuance of such assistance affects the legal status or respective obligations of any party to the adoption.

     8.  A court shall waive all court costs of the proposed adoptive parents in an adoption proceeding for a child with special needs if the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency consents to the adoption of such a child pursuant to this section.

     9.  The Division, in consultation with each agency which provides child welfare services, shall adopt regulations regarding eligibility for and the procedures for applying for a grant of financial assistance pursuant to this section.

     (Added to NRS by 1971, 851; A 1973, 1406; 1979, 1283; 1981, 718; 1993, 2683, 2880; 1995, 729, 734; 2001, 686, 1111; 2001 Special Session, 7; 2011, 3)

ADOPTION OF ADULTS

NRS 127.190 Adoption of adults: Ages; agreement of adoption.

1. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any adult person may adopt any other adult person younger than himself, except the spouse of the adopting person, by an agreement of adoption approved by a decree of adoption of the district court in the county in which either the person adopting or the person adopted resides.

2. The agreement of adoption shall be in writing and shall be executed by the person adopting and the person to be adopted, and shall set forth that the parties agree to assume toward each other the legal relation of parent and child, and to have all of the rights and be subject to all of the duties and responsibilities of that relation.

(Added to NRS by 1959, 606)

NRS 127.200 Adoption of adults: Consent required.

1. A married person not lawfully separated from his spouse may not adopt an adult person without the consent of the spouse of the adopting person, if such spouse is capable of giving such consent.

2. A married person not lawfully separated from his spouse may not be adopted without the consent of the spouse of the person to be adopted, if such spouse is capable of giving such consent.

3. Neither the consent of the natural parent or parents of the person to be adopted, nor of the Division, nor of any other person is required.

(Added to NRS by 1959, 606; A 1963, 891; 1967, 1148; 1973, 1406; 1993, 2684)

NRS 127.210 Petition for approval of agreement of adoption; notice, investigation and hearing; decree of adoption.

1. The adopting person and the person to be adopted may file in the district court in the county in which either resides a petition praying for approval of the agreement of adoption by the issuance of a decree of adoption.

2. The court shall fix a time and place for hearing on the petition, and both the person adopting and the person to be adopted shall appear at the hearing in person, but if such appearance is impossible or impractical, appearance may be made for either or both of such persons by counsel empowered in writing to make such appearance.

3. The court may require notice of the time and place of the hearing to be served on other interested persons, and any such interested person may appear and object to the proposed adoption.

4. No investigation or report to the court by any public officer is required, but the court may require the Division to investigate the circumstances and report thereon, with recommendations, to the court before the hearing.

5. At the hearing the court shall examine the parties, or the counsel of any party not present in person. If the court is satisfied that the adoption will be for the best interests of the parties and in the public interest, and that there is no reason why the petition should not be granted, the court shall approve the agreement of adoption, and enter a decree of adoption declaring that the person adopted is the child of the person adopting him. Otherwise, the court shall withhold approval of the agreement and deny the prayer of the petition.

(Added to NRS by 1959, 606; A 1963, 892; 1967, 1148; 1973, 1406; 1993, 2684)

PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN FOR ADOPTION AND PERMANENT FREE CARE

NRS 127.220 Definitions. As used in NRS 127.220 to 127.310, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. “Agency which provides child welfare services” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 432B.030.

2. “Arrange the placement of a child” means to make preparations for or bring about any agreement or understanding concerning the adoption of a child.

3. “Child-placing agency” means a nonprofit corporation organized pursuant to chapter 82 of NRS, and licensed by the Division to place children for adoption or permanent free care.

4. “Person” includes a hospital.

5. “Recommend the placement of a child” means to suggest to a child-placing agency that a prospective adoptive parent be allowed to adopt a specific child, born or in utero.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1298; A 1981, 719; 1985, 508; 1987, 2051; 1989, 531; 1991, 1310; 1993, 71, 2685, 2734; 1999, 2026; 2001 Special Session, 8)

NRS 127.230 Standards for and regulation of child-placing agencies; regulation of agencies which provide child welfare services; regulation of adoption or placement of children.

1. The Division shall:

(a) Establish reasonable minimum standards for child-placing agencies.

(b) In consultation with each agency which provides child welfare services, adopt:

(1) Regulations concerning the operation of an agency which provides child welfare services and child-placing agencies.

(2) Regulations establishing the procedure to be used by an agency which provides child welfare services and a child-placing agency in placing children for adoption, which must allow the natural parent or parents and the prospective adoptive parent or parents to determine, by mutual consent, the amount of identifying information that will be communicated concerning each of them.

(3) Any other regulations necessary to carry out its powers and duties regarding the adoption of children or the placement of children for adoption or permanent free care, including, without limitation, such regulations necessary to ensure compliance with the provisions of this chapter and any regulations adopted pursuant thereto.

2. Each agency which provides child welfare services and child-placing agency shall conform to the standards established and the regulations adopted pursuant to subsection 1.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1298; A 1967, 1149; 1973, 1406; 1987, 2051; 1993, 108, 2685, 2737; 2001 Special Session, 8)

NRS 127.240 License: Requirement; exceptions.

1. Except as otherwise provided in this section, no person may place, arrange the placement of, or assist in placing or in arranging the placement of, any child for adoption or permanent free care without securing and having in full force a license to operate a child-placing agency issued by the Division. This subsection applies to agents, servants, physicians and attorneys of parents or guardians, as well as to other persons.

2. This section does not prohibit a parent or guardian from placing, arranging the placement of, or assisting in placing or in arranging the placement of, any child for adoption or permanent free care if the placement is made pursuant to the provisions of NRS 127.280, 127.2805 and 127.2815.

3. This section does not prohibit an agency which provides child welfare services from placing, arranging the placement of, or assisting in placing or in arranging the placement of, any child for adoption or permanent free care.

4. This section does not prohibit a person, including a person acting in his professional capacity, from sharing information regarding an adoption if no money or other valuable consideration is paid:

(a) For such information; or

(b) For any other service related to the adoption that is performed after sharing information.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1298; A 1965, 1321; 1973, 1406; 1979, 236; 1989, 531; 1991, 1865; 1993, 71, 2685, 2734; 2001 Special Session, 9)

NRS 127.250 License: Application; issuance; renewal.

1. The application for a license to operate a child-placing agency must be in a form prescribed by the Division. The license must state to whom it is issued and the fact that it is effective for 1 year from the date of its issuance.

2. The issuance by the Division of a license to operate a child-placing agency must be based upon reasonable and satisfactory assurance to the Division that the applicant for such license will conform to the standards established and the regulations adopted by the Division as provided in NRS 127.230.

3. When the Division is satisfied that a licensee is conforming to such standards and regulations, it shall renew his license, and the license so renewed continues in force for 1 year from the date of renewal.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1298; A 1973, 1406; 1993, 108, 2686, 2737)

NRS 127.270 License: Refusal to issue or renew; notice and hearing; appeals.

1. After notice and hearing, the Division may:

(a) Refuse to issue a license if the Division finds that the applicant does not meet the standards established and the rules prescribed by the Division for child-placing agencies.

(b) Refuse to renew a license or may revoke a license if the Division finds that the child-placing agency has refused or failed to meet any of the established standards or has violated any of the rules prescribed by the Division for child-placing agencies.

2. A notice of the time and place of the hearing must be mailed to the last known address of the applicant or licensee at least 15 days before the date fixed for the hearing.

3. When an order of the Division is appealed to the district court, the trial may be de novo.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1300; A 1967, 1149; 1973, 1406; 1979, 237; 1993, 2686)

NRS 127.275 Fees for services provided by agency which provides child welfare services.

1. Except as otherwise provided in this section:

(a) In a county whose population is less than 100,000, the Division shall, in accordance with NRS 432.014; and

     (b) In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, the board of county commissioners of the county shall, by ordinance,

Ê charge reasonable fees for the services provided by an agency which provides child welfare services in placing, arranging the placement of or assisting in placing or arranging the placement of any child for adoption, and for conducting any investigation required by NRS 127.2805.

     2.  The fees charged for those services must vary based on criteria developed by the Division and board of county commissioners but must not exceed the usual and customary fees that child-placing agencies in the area where the services are provided, or in a similar geographic area, would charge for those services. The Division and board of county commissioners shall not discriminate between adoptions made through an agency and specific adoptions in setting their fees.

     3.  A fee must not be charged for services related to the adoption of a child with special needs.

     4.  An agency which provides child welfare services may waive or reduce any fee charged pursuant to this section if the agency which provides child welfare services determines that the adoptive parents are not able to pay the fee or the needs of the child require a waiver or reduction of the fee.

     5.  Any money collected by an agency which provides child welfare services in a county whose population is less than 100,000 pursuant to this section must be accounted for in the appropriate account of the Division and may be used only to pay for the costs of any adoptive or postadoptive services provided by any agency which provides child welfare services in a county whose population is less than 100,000.

     6.  Any money collected by an agency which provides child welfare services in a county whose population is 100,000 or more pursuant to this section must be deposited in the county treasury for the credit of the agency which provides child welfare services and may be used only to pay for the costs of any adoption or postadoptive services provided by the agency which provides child welfare services.

     (Added to NRS by 1993, 2678; A 1993, 2726; 1999, 149; 2001 Special Session, 9; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 48)

NRS 127.280 Requirements for placement of child in home of prospective parents for trial period; verification of intent of natural parents.

1. A child may not be placed in the home of prospective adoptive parents for the 30-day residence in that home which is required before the filing of a petition for adoption, except where a child and one of the prospective adoptive parents are related within the third degree of consanguinity, unless:

(a) The agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency first receives written notice of the proposed placement from:

(1) The prospective adoptive parents of the child;

(2) The person recommending the placement; or

(3) A natural parent;

(b) The investigation required by the provisions of NRS 127.2805 has been completed; and

(c) In the case of a specific adoption, the natural parent placing the child for adoption has had an opportunity to review the report on the investigation of the home, if possible.

2. Upon receipt of written notice from any person other than the natural parent, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall communicate with the natural parent to confirm his intention to place the child for adoption with the prospective adoptive parents identified in the written notice.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1299; A 1965, 1321; 1967, 1150; 1973, 1406, 1589; 1979, 237; 1981, 719; 1987, 2052; 1989, 531; 1991, 949; 1993, 71, 2686, 2734; 2001 Special Session, 10)

NRS 127.2805 Investigation of prospective adoptive parents.

1. The agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency shall, within 60 days after receipt of confirmation of the natural parents’ intent to place the child for adoption and a completed application for adoption from the prospective adoptive parents, complete an investigation of the medical, mental, financial and moral backgrounds of the prospective adoptive parents to determine the suitability of the home for placement of the child for adoption. The investigation must also embrace any other relevant factor relating to the qualifications of the prospective adoptive parents and may be a substitute for the investigation required to be conducted by the agency which provides child welfare services on behalf of the court when a petition for adoption is pending, if the petition for adoption is filed within 6 months after the completion of the investigation required by this subsection. If a child-placing agency undertakes the investigation, it shall provide progress reports to the agency which provides child welfare services in such a format and at such times as the agency which provides child welfare services requires to ensure that the investigation will be completed within the 60-day period. If, at any time, the agency which provides child welfare services determines that it is unlikely that the investigation will be completed in a timely manner, the agency which provides child welfare services shall take over the investigation and complete it within the 60-day period or as soon thereafter as practicable.

2. If the placement is to be made in a home outside of this state, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency must receive a copy of a report, completed by the appropriate authority, of an investigation of the home and the medical, mental, financial and moral backgrounds of the prospective adoptive parents to determine the suitability of the home for placement of the child for adoption, unless the child and one of the prospective adoptive parents are related within the third degree of consanguinity.

(Added to NRS by 1993, 68; A 1993, 2732; 2001 Special Session, 10)

NRS 127.281 Search for criminal record of prospective adoptive parent.

1. A prospective adoptive parent who is subject to an investigation by the agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency must submit as part of the investigation a complete set of his fingerprints and written permission authorizing the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency to forward those fingerprints to the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

2. The agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency may exchange with the Central Repository or the Federal Bureau of Investigation any information respecting the fingerprints submitted.

3. When a report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation is received by the Central Repository, it shall immediately forward a copy of the report to the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency that submitted the fingerprints.

4. Any fees for fingerprinting and submission to the Central Repository and the Federal Bureau of Investigation must be paid by the prospective adoptive parent, except that:

(a) In a county whose population is less than 100,000, the Division may adopt regulations providing for the payment of those fees by the Division; or

(b) In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, the board of county commissioners may provide by ordinance for the payment of those fees by the agency which provides child welfare services.

(Added to NRS by 1989, 530; A 1991, 951; 1993, 2688; 2001 Special Session, 11)

NRS 127.2815 Placement of child during investigation; notice and placement of child upon completion of investigation.

1. Pending completion of the required investigation, the child must be:

(a) Retained by the natural parent; or

(b) Placed by the natural parent with the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency and placed by the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency in a foster home licensed pursuant to NRS 424.030,

Ê until a determination is made concerning the suitability of the prospective adoptive parents.

2. Upon completion of the investigation, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall forthwith inform the natural parent, the person recommending the placement and the prospective adoptive parents of the decision to approve or deny the placement. If the prospective adoptive home is found:

(a) Suitable, the natural parent may execute a consent to a specific adoption pursuant to NRS 127.053, if not previously executed, and then the child may be placed in the home of the prospective adoptive parents for the purposes of adoption.

(b) Unsuitable or detrimental to the interest of the child, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall file an application in the district court for an order prohibiting the placement. If the court determines that the placement should be prohibited, the court may nullify the written consent to the specific adoption and order the return of the child to the care and control of the parent who executed the consent, but if the parental rights of the parent have been terminated by a relinquishment or a final order of a court of competent jurisdiction or if the parent does not wish to accept the child, then the court may order the placement of the child with the agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency for adoption.

(Added to NRS by 1993, 69; A 1993, 2732; 2001 Special Session, 11; 2003, 236)

NRS 127.2817 Criteria for determination of suitability of prospective adoptive home; opportunity for prospective adoptive parents to review and respond to unfavorable investigation.

     1.  The Division, in consultation with each agency which provides child welfare services, shall adopt regulations setting forth the criteria to be used by an agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency for determining whether a prospective adoptive home is suitable or unsuitable for the placement of a child for adoption.

     2.  Upon the completion of an investigation conducted by an agency which provides child welfare services or a child-placing agency pursuant to NRS 127.120 or 127.2805, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall inform the prospective adoptive parent or parents of the results of the investigation. If, pursuant to the investigation, a determination is made that a prospective adoptive home is unsuitable for placement or detrimental to the interest of the child, the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency shall provide the prospective adoptive parent or parents with an opportunity to review and respond to the investigation with the agency which provides child welfare services or child-placing agency before the issuance of the results of the investigation. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 239.0115, the identity of those persons who are interviewed or submit information concerning the investigation must remain confidential.

     (Added to NRS by 1993, 238; A 1993, 2731; 2001, 1112; 2001 Special Session, 12; 2007, 2075)

NRS 127.282 Petition for order to restrain and enjoin violation or threatened violation of chapter; investigation of unreported adoption or permanent free care of unrelated child.

1. Whenever the agency which provides child welfare services believes that anyone has violated or is about to violate any of the provisions of this chapter, in addition to any other penalty or remedy provided:

(a) The agency which provides child welfare services may petition the appropriate district court for an order to restrain and enjoin the violation or threatened violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, or to compel compliance with the provisions of this chapter; and

(b) The court shall, if a child has been or was about to be placed in a prospective adoptive home in violation of the provisions of this chapter:

(1) Prohibit the placement if the child was about to be so placed, or order the removal of the child if the child was so placed within 6 months before the filing of the petition by the agency which provides child welfare services and proceed pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NRS 127.2815; or

(2) Proceed pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NRS 127.2815 in all other cases if the court determines that it is in the best interest of the child that the child should be removed.

2. Whenever the agency which provides child welfare services believes that a person has received for the purposes of adoption or permanent free care a child not related by blood, and the required written notice has not been given, if the agency which provides child welfare services does not proceed pursuant to subsection 1, it shall make an investigation. Upon completion of the investigation, if the home is found suitable for the child, the prospective adoptive parents must be allowed 6 months from the date of completion of the investigation to file a petition for adoption. If a petition for adoption is not filed within that time a license as a foster home must thereafter be issued pursuant to NRS 424.030 if the home meets established standards. If, in the opinion of the agency which provides child welfare services, the placement is detrimental to the interest of the child, the agency which provides child welfare services shall file an application with the district court for an order for the removal of the child from the home. If the court determines that the child should be removed, the court shall proceed pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NRS 127.2815.

(Added to NRS by 1993, 69; A 1993, 2733; 2001 Special Session, 12)

NRS 127.2825 Child-placing agency required to give preference to placement of child with his siblings. A child-placing agency shall, to the extent practicable, give preference to the placement of a child for adoption or permanent free care together with his siblings.

(Added to NRS by 1999, 2026)

NRS 127.2827  Orders for visitation with sibling of child in custody of agency which provides child welfare services: Previous orders of such visitation to be provided to court during adoption proceedings; hearing required; participation of interested parties; best interest of child sole consideration.

     1.  If a child who is in the custody of an agency which provides child welfare services is placed for adoption, the agency must provide the court which is conducting the adoption proceedings with a copy of any order for visitation with a sibling of the child that was issued pursuant to NRS 432B.580 and the court must conduct a hearing to determine whether to include an order for visitation with a sibling in the decree of adoption.

     2.  Any interested party in the adoption, including, without limitation, the adoptive parent, the adoptive child, a sibling of the adoptive child, the agency which provides child welfare services or a licensed child-placing agency may petition the court to participate in the determination of whether to include an order of visitation with a sibling in the decree of adoption.

     3.  The sole consideration of the court in making a determination concerning visitation with a sibling pursuant to this section is the best interest of the child.

     (Added to NRS by 2009, 413)

NRS 127.283 Publication or broadcast of information concerning child.

1. An agency which provides child welfare services or any child-placing agency may publish in any newspaper published in this state or broadcast by television a photograph of and relevant personal information concerning any child who is difficult to place for adoption.

2. A child-placing agency shall not publish or broadcast:

(a) Any personal information which reveals the identity of the child or his parents; or

(b) A photograph or personal information for a child without the prior approval of the agency having actual custody of the child.

(Added to NRS by 1977, 664; A 1993, 2689; 2001 Special Session, 13)

NRS 127.285 Limitation on participation of attorneys in adoption proceedings; reporting of violation to bar association; criminal penalty.

1. Any attorney licensed to practice in this state or in any other state:

(a) May not receive compensation for:

(1) Taking part in finding children for adoption; or

(2) Finding parents to adopt children.

(b) May receive a reasonable compensation for legal services provided in relation to adoption proceedings.

2. An agency which provides child welfare services shall report any violation of subsection 1 to the State Bar of Nevada if the alleged violator is licensed to practice in this state, or to the bar association of the state in which the alleged violator is licensed to practice.

3. Any person who violates the provisions of subsection 1 is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(Added to NRS by 1965, 1336; A 1993, 459, 2738; 2001 Special Session, 13)

NRS 127.287 Payment to or acceptance by natural parent of compensation in return for placement for or consent to adoption of child.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, it is unlawful for any person to pay or offer to pay money or anything of value to the natural parent of a child in return for the natural parent’s placement of the child for adoption or consent to or cooperation in the adoption of the child.

2. It is unlawful for any person to receive payment for medical and other necessary expenses related to the birth of a child from a prospective adoptive parent with the intent of not consenting to or completing the adoption of the child.

3. A person may pay the medical and other necessary living expenses related to the birth of a child of another as an act of charity so long as the payment is not contingent upon the natural parent’s placement of the child for adoption or consent to or cooperation in the adoption of the child.

4. This section does not prohibit a natural parent from refusing to place a child for adoption after its birth.

5. The provisions of this section do not apply if a woman enters into a lawful contract to act as a surrogate, be inseminated and give birth to the child of a man who is not her husband.

(Added to NRS by 1987, 2049)

NRS 127.288 Penalty for unlawful payment to or acceptance by natural parent of compensation. A person who violates the provisions of:

1. Subsection 1 of NRS 127.287 is guilty of a category D felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130.

2. Subsection 2 of NRS 127.287 is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

(Added to NRS by 1987, 2049; A 1995, 1244)

NRS 127.290 Acceptance of fees or compensation for placing or arranging placement of child.

1. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.275 and 127.285, no person who does not have in full force a license to operate a child-placing agency may request or accept, directly or indirectly, any compensation or thing of value for placing, arranging the placement of, or assisting in placing or arranging the placement of, any child for adoption or permanent free care.

2. A licensed child-placing agency may accept fees for operational expenses.

(Added to NRS by 1963, 1299; A 1965, 1336; 1979, 239; 1987, 621; 1993, 2689)

NRS 127.300 Penalty for receipt of compensation by unlicensed person for placing or arranging placement of child.

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.275, 127.285, 200.463, 200.464 and 200.465, a person who, without holding a valid license to operate a child-placing agency issued by the Division, requests or receives, directly or indirectly, any compensation or thing of value for placing, arranging the placement of, or assisting in placing or arranging the placement of any child for adoption or permanent free care is guilty of a category D felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130.

     2.  The natural parents and the adopting parents are not accomplices for the purpose of this section.

     (Added to NRS by 1963, 1300; A 1965, 1336; 1967, 531, 1151; 1973, 1406; 1979, 239, 1460; 1987, 621; 1989, 1186; 1993, 2689; 1995, 1244; 2005, 89)

NRS 127.310 Unlawful placement or advertising; penalty.

1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 127.240, 127.283 and 127.285, any person or organization other than an agency which provides child welfare services who, without holding a valid unrevoked license to place children for adoption issued by the Division:

     (a) Places, arranges the placement of, or assists in placing or in arranging the placement of, any child for adoption or permanent free care; or

     (b) Advertises in any periodical or newspaper, or by radio or other public medium, that he or she will place children for adoption, or accept, supply, provide or obtain children for adoption, or causes any advertisement to be published in or by any public medium soliciting, requesting or asking for any child or children for adoption,

Ê is guilty of a misdemeanor.

     2.  Any person who places, accepts placement of, or aids, abets or counsels the placement of any child in violation of NRS 127.280, 127.2805 and 127.2815 is guilty of a misdemeanor.

     3.  A periodical, newspaper, radio station or other public medium is not subject to any criminal penalty or civil liability for publishing or broadcasting an advertisement that violates the provisions of this section.

     4.  A child-placing agency shall include in any advertisement concerning its services published in any periodical or newspaper or by radio or other public medium a statement which:

     (a) Confirms that the child-placing agency holds a valid, unrevoked license issued by the Division; and

     (b) Indicates any license number issued to the child-placing agency by the Division.

     (Added to NRS by 1961, 752; A 1963, 891, 1301; 1965, 1336; 1967, 1151; 1973, 1406; 1979, 239; 1993, 73, 459, 2689, 2737, 2738; 2001 Special Session, 13; 2009, 1355)

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